Sunday, 19 August 2012

17. Creation of the Army for Rama.

     About the time the queens were taking the desert, lord Brahma addressed all gods.
     He told them "At our request Lord Vishnu is being born as a son to the King Dasharatha.  We now should do something to help him when he meets Ravana in war.
     "I desire that monkey-shaped progeny equalling Vishnu's valour should be procreated from the physiques of prominent apsara-s, gandharva-s, from the girls of yaksha-s and pannaga-s, and from the bodies of kinnaraa-s, she-vidyaadharaa-s, she-riksha-s and she-monkeys.  They all shall be wizards of miracles and audacious ones; in travel they shall have air's speed; bestowed with intellect they shall be highly imaginative; and with their divine physique it shall be impossible to bump them off; they shall be endowed with all the assaultive aspects of all missiles, and they shall be untiring in their efforts, like you who thrive on amrita, the ambrosia, unmindful of thirst and hunger.
     COMMENT: Gandharva-s (Southey's Glendoveers) are celestial musicians inhabiting Indra's heaven and forming the orchestra at all the banquets of the principal deities. Yaksha-s, demigods attendant especially on Kubera, and employed by him in the care of his garden and treasures. Kimpurusha-s, demigods attached also to the service of Kubera, celestial musicians, represented like centaurs reversed with human figures and horses' heads. Siddha-s, are demigods or spirits of undefined attributes, occupying with the Vidyaadharaa-s the middle air or region between the earth and the sun.
End Comment.
     "I have already created the eminent bear Jambavanta in earlier times, as he suddenly came forth from my yawning face."
     COMMENT: This is to say that Brahma had already created such a typical being, namely Jambavanta, prior to all the gods, as a role model in creation.
End Comment.
     All gods agreed in toto with Lord Brahma and accordingly started to parent sons in the semblance of monkeys.
     COMMENT: This pedigree was not yet given the label of monkeys. They were lookalike of monkeys but not monkeys, 'vaana ruupiNam' resembling monkeys, as said in the verse. The word vanara is 'vane carati iti vanara-s' because they range far and wide over forests, they are called vanara-s, but not exactly a monkey race.
End Comment.
     The great-souled celestial groups, namely the sages, siddha-s, vidyaadharaa-s, caarana-s had created valiant sons that were forest rangers.  Indra procreated the lord of vanara-s, namely Vali, who by his physique was like Mt. Mahendra.  Sun procreated Sugreeva.  Brihaspati, the Jupiter, gave rise to a great monkey named Tara, who was the most important one among all vanara-s, and who exceled all by his intelligence.
     Note: Tara here was a vanara hero but not Lady Tara, the wife of Vali.
     The brilliant Gandhamaadana was the son of Kubera, while the divine architect Vishvakarma procreated the great monkey called Nala.  The bright son of Fire was Neela whose blaze was like that of fire and who exceled other monkeys by his resplendence, renown and courage.  The Ashwin twin gods whose wealth was their beautiful appearance had procreated two vanara-s namely Mainda and Dvivida, blessing them with beautiful appearance.  The Rain-god procreated the vanara named Susheshana, and Thunder-god gave rise to the great mighty Sharabha.
     The direct son of Vayu (Air-god) is the marvellous and adventurous Hanuman with an indestructible body, and one identical in the speed of lady Vinata's son, namely Garuda, the divine eagle vehicle of Vishnu, and among all monkey chiefs he was the most intelligent and the indefatigable one too.
     Thus the gods had procreated many thousands of such bold, courageous, dauntless, doughty, fearless, and who can disguise themselves at their will and who with their immeasurable strength and bravery were manifest for the elimination of Ravana and his clan.
     Thus the gods and others had procreated millions of such noble souled Vaanaras as the chiefs of warriors who can change their guise at their wish.  Those vanara generals who took birth thus became the prominent generals among the principle battalions of monkeys, and they had also procreated brave monkeys on their own.
     Some thousands of them stayed on the ridges of Mt. Riskshavat while others reached many kinds of other mountains and forests. All of the monkeys stood by the brothers, namely the son of Indra Vali, and the son of Sun Sugreeva, and even with the monkey generals like Nala, Neela and Hanuma et al.
     All of those who were highly skilled and knowledgeable  in warfare and endowed with the might of divine eagle Garuda, used to thwart the pride of lions, tigers and great snakes just by their own prideful subjugation while they move about the forests.
     He who was adroit, extremely mighty, and highly indomitable, viz. Vali protected bears, langoors, and monkeys just by the strength of his arms.
     The earth with its mountains, forests and oceanward places were overspread with those brave ones that possessed diverse physiques and peculiar indication marks of their stock.  The earth was thus suffused with those mighty army generals of Vanara race whose physiques resembled the clusters of clouds and peaks of mountains, and who had emerged for helping Rama.
     Now we have covered what we missed in Valmiki Ramayanam earlier to Chapter 5.  Next chapter will, therefore, take off from where we left at the end of Chapter 7.

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