Saturday, 15 September 2012

20. The legend of Seven-Maruts.

     Vishwamitra continued his narration about the City Vishala saying "Diti was highly anguished that her foetus was rendered into sevenfold.  She told Indra 'Oh, Indra, this foetus of mine is sliced into seven segments owing to my own misdeed. Therefore there is no iniquity of yours in this matter.'   She requested Indra to make these seven segments to become his seven Wind-gods, the rulers of seven ethereal-places, under his(i.e. Indra's) ruler-ship.
     COMMENT: According to mythology there are seven ethereal places in cosmos on which the galaxies and planets are dependent. According to Vishnu Puraana: ˜vaha pravahava caiva samvaha× ca udva× ca tath˜ | vih˜ ˜khya× praiv˜ha× par˜vaha iti kram˜t || gagana× sparþana× v˜yu anila× ca tath˜ apara× | pr˜õa× pr˜õeþvara× jŸva iti ete sapta m˜rut˜× || They are: aavaha the air called by this name will be pervading in clouds, thunderbolts, rain, meteors; pravaha air in solar orbit; samhava in lunar orbit; udvaha in galaxies; vivaha in planetary spheres; parivaha in the Seven-Sages sphere; varaavaha in north polar regions. These are otherwise called by names gagana, sparshana, vaayu, anila, praaNa, praaNeshvara, jiiva. Each of the Marut god has a batch of seven Marut-s, thus they are forty-nine entities, in total.
End Comment.
     "She further pleaded 'Oh, son Indra, let these seven sons of mine become the seven presiding deities of Cosmic Air Divisions and let them move in heaven with heavenly forms.  One of the the seven may permeate Brahma's abode, likewise another may permeate the heaven of Indra, and the third one, let him become a greatly celebrated and reputed as Divine Wind, and he may circulate in entire universe. Oh, Indra, let the other four of my sons permeate the four directions according to time and at your command, let safety betide you, and let them be renowned verily by the name given by you as 'Marut,' because you have coaxed the crying fragments of foetus saying, 'maa ruda, maa ruda', 'do not cry, do not cry...'
     "Indra agreed to the request of his aunt.  Those two, the stepmother Diti and the stepson Indra, thus reconciled in that ascetic forest, departed to heaven fulfilling their purposes."
     After a pause Sage Viswamitra continued  "Rama, this province is that one which was once presided over by Indra, where he rendered services to that accomplished one in her asceticism, namely lady Diti.
     "The king of Vishaala, through his queen Alambusa,  begot a son who was renowned as Vishaala.  He constructed a city in this place which is known by his own name, Vishaala.
     "Vishaala's son was the great mighty Hemachandra, and Hemachandra's son was highly renowned as Suchandra. The son of Suchandra was the famous Dhuumraashva, and Dhuumraashva derived his son named Srinjaya.  The fortunate and valorous son of Srinjaya is Sahadeva, and the son of Sahadeva is the most righteous Kushaashva.  The highly resplendent and dauntless Somadatta is the son of Kushaashva and Somadatta's son is highly reputed as Kakutstha.
     "Presently that Kakutstha's son named Sumati, who is a great resplendent, unconquerable, and a highly celebrated one is ruling from this city.
     "All the successive kings of Vishaala had longevity, intrepidity, well-off in generosity, and they were great-souled ones.  Today we may sleep here for a night, and go to Mithila tomorrow morning."
     The king of Vishaala, namely Sumati, came to know that Vishwamitra had arrived at the precincts of the city, came along with his mentors and family members, offered an excellent veneration to Vishwamitra, and then spoke to the sage with adjoined palms enquiring about his well being and said  "While many great Emperors and Kings are raring to go far and wide to meet you to get your blessings, you have come to my capitol.  I think I am more fortunate than the other kings and emperors.  Please command me for anything you require from me".

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